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European Animal Research Association 

Abbey House, 74-76 St John Street, London EC1M 4DZ
Tel: +44 (0)20 3675 1245
Email: info@eara.eu 

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Alternatives to

research
using animals

The principle of the 3Rs (Replace, Reduce, Refine) was introduced in 1959 and establishes the accepted standards for research with animals. 

 

The 3Rs are part of the everyday practice of the European biomedical sector and are an integral part of both national and international laws that regulate the use of animals in scientific procedures. 

The 3Rs are:

Replacement - Methods that prevent or help replace the use of animals

1.

Reduction -

Methods that help reduce the number of animals used in experiments

2.

Refinement - Methods that help minimize any pain or distress and improve animal welfare. 

3.

For further information please go to:

 

 The European Union Reference Laboratory for alternatives to animal testing (EURL ECVAM)

For more information about the 3Rs
around Europe, please visit:
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